18 April 2017 ~ 0 Comments

Fascism in Nazi Germany

An overview of the causes of the rise and spread of Fascism in 1930s Germany.

This paper examines how many critics and theorists have speculated about the reasons behind fascism and the horror of the holocaust in Nazi Germany before and during the Second World War; how violence was prevalent and how Hitler used it to alternately intimidate and incite his followers. It attempts to determine the roots of these causes by examining the historical and social context that made Germany so ripe for fascism and dictatorship by 1933. Outline Historical Context: The Weimar Republic World War 1 and Political Upheaval The Treaty of Versailles The Economy Hitler and the Socialist Workers’ Party The Golden Era The Rise of Hitler and Fascism Social Context: Functionalism Structural Functionalism Function Structures Interdependence Equilibrium Consensus Conclusion

The German political structure in World War I (from 1916) had been subordinate to the military. At this time the country was an Empire, ruled by the Oberste Heeresleitung (OHL), or the Supreme Army Command. The Chief of Staff at this time was Paul von Hindenburg. At the end of the War the OHL installed a civil government for the benefit of the remainder of Germany after the war. The 1971 constitution was then amended. The Reich (Empire) had become a parliamentary democracy. The Parliament, or the Reichstag, instead of the Emperor, was now responsible for the political welfare of Germany. Such welfare was almost unattainable however, as the end of war meant returning soldiers. The fact that many of these soldiers were wounded both physically and psychologically brought chaos to the German society.




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